History of the Internet

postIn this paper I will cover the internet’s experimental beginnings, the commercialization of this technology in the present, and what the project that is taking place that will probably be the future of the internet.

Before I begin talking about the internet, allow me to define what is the internet, who governs it, and what is the financial impact of this technology. The internet is made up of all computer networks that use IP protocol, which operate to form a seamless network for their collective users.[3 Krol] This means that federal, commercial, and institutional networks all compose parts of the internet. This network is connected to each other by either telephone wires, cable lines, or satellite signals. These wires, lines, or signals are then pipelined from server computer to server computer until your host server transmits the electronic information into your computer. The governing body of the internet is the Internet Society (ISOC).[4 Krol] The Internet Society purpose, according to Ed Krol, is to “promote global information exchange through Internet technology”. Another governing body is the Internet Architecture Board (IAB).[5 Krol]

This IAB board governs the protocol standards whereby how computers and software applications talk to each other.[6 ibid] They also make the rules on how to keep track of each 32-bit address number used by each computer on the internet. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is the governing body who takes care of operational and near-tearm technical problems of the internet.[7 ibid]

Along with all conveniences, there is a price to pay. Though information could be obtained from the internet for free, everyone has to pay for their own access to it. Just like NSF pays for NSFNET and NASA pays for NASA Science Internet, individuals pay their Internet Service Provider and their telephone company for access to the internet.[8 ibid] As Ed Krol in said in The Whole Internet User’s Guide, ”everyone pays for their part.”

The internet, just like the light bulb and the airplane, started out as an idea. In August 1962, a researcher at MIT by the name of J.C.R. Licklider wrote a series of memos that outlined a “Galactic Network” of interconnected computers whereby everyone could quickly access information and programs from any site.[9 Leiner] Another researcher at MIT, Leonard Kleinrock, published a paper in July 1961 that would make communication on the internet more feasible.[10 ibid] Kleinrock’s paper on the packet switching theory convinced MIT researcher Lawrence Roberts to set up an experiment that involved connecting a TX-2 computer at MIT to a AN/FSQ-32 computer at System Development Corp. at Santa Monica, California.[11 ibid] This experiment resulted in the first computer network ever built.[12 ibid] In 1966 Roberts took his computer network expertise to the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and quickly put together a plan for an “ARPANET”. During the implementation of this plan, Leonard Kleinrock’s theory of packet switching was put into practice by the development of key components called Interface Message Processors (IMPs).[13 ibid]

The impact of this development led to the assembly of the ARPANET. The first site chosen to implement the ARPANET is the Network Measurement Center at UCLA.[14 ibid] This was made possible by the installation of the first IMP and the first host computer at UCLA in September 1969.[15 ibid] Then later, the Stanford Research Institute, the University of California Santa Barbara, and the University of Utah were added to the beginning of the ARPANET.[16 Zakon] In October 1972, the ARPANET was successfully demonstrated at the International Computer Communication Conference (ICCC).[17 Leiner] It is this ARPANET that grew into what we know as the Internet.[18 Leiner]

Two different developments came from the ARPANET: the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and electronic mail.[19 ibid] These developments laid the groundwork for the commercialization of internet technology. In the early 1980’s, commercial developers of internet technology were incorporating TCP/IP into their products in order to network computers.[20 ibid] These commercial developers were shown in a 1985 workshop organized by Dan Lynch and IAB how TCP/IP worked and how it didn’t work. By September 1988, a trade show called Interop was organized to show how well each developer’s internet product worked with other developers products.[21 ibid] This trade show was important because demonstrated web browsers, webpages, and other network interactive material developed by different companies have the ability to interact with each other.

In 1990, “The World” was the first commercial provider of Internet dial-up access.[22 Zakon] Other companies such as CompuServe, Prodigy, America Online and others soon followed. These services allowed anybody with a computer and a modem to have access to the internet. According to Vint Cerf, an internet researcher now at MCI WorldCom, the internet has grown to include some 5,000 networks in over three dozen countries, serving over 700,000 host computers used by 4 million people by the end of 1991.

This explosive grow in the number of internet led to an emerging presence of an electronic economy. In July 1997, President Clinton presented a report called “The Emerging Digital Economy” to analyze “…the importance of electronic commerce and information technologies to the economy as a whole and to individual sectors of the economy.”[23 [http://www.ecommerce.gov]] In this report, President Clinton presented some case studies such as: Internet traffic doubling every 100 days, Cisco Systems increasing their revenue from $100 million to $3.2 billion in just one calendar year, and Amazon.com, the first Internet bookstore, recording sales of only $16 million in 1996 skyrocketing to $148 million in 1997.

The internet produced a new economy that has huge economic growth potential. In April 1998, Vice President Gore announced that $500 million was invested by private companies to develop a “Next Generation Internet”. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the U.S. government will invest $50 million toward this effort to help produce “…an Internet that is faster, more dependable, and can connect billions of computers and other devices.”[24 [http://www.appnet.fi/~ois/usis/current/super2.shtml]] The NGI group will collaborate with the Internet2 consortium, which is made up of corporate and university sponsors, to create an internet that can, “Facilitate and coordinate the development, deployment, operation and technology transfer of advanced, network-based applications and network services to further U.S. leadership in research and higher education and accelerate the availability of new services and applications on the Internet.”

This internet technology, initially used for the defense of the United States government, now is a tool to facilitate the commerce of the United States economy. Without this technology, a growing economic presence in the United States wouldn’t have been created. The internet is definitely does have an impact on the history of the United States.

High-Impact Creative Internet Marketing

Word Cloud "Web Marketing"With all of the marketing methods used by internet business owners, it takes creative internet marketing to really grab the attention of potential customers. Creative methods of internet marketing can be implemented by anyone with an internet business. It doesn’t take special skills to use many of the creative internet marketing methods available to internet business owners. All it takes are creative ideas and the desire to run a successful internet business.

Newsletters are a creative way to reach potential customers. Those who write their own daily, weekly, or monthly newsletters afford themselves the opportunity to include links to their business websites and individual products they have for sale. The problem is, there are literally thousands of internet newsletters available for those seeking online information.

What can an internet business owner do to make their newsletter more creative and more worthwhile than the average internet newsletter? One of the keys to creative internet marketing is through creative newsletter authoring. Internet business owners who author a newsletter should offer newsletter subscribers something no one else is offering. Internet business owners should consider offering a weekly or monthly prize to a random subscriber. This creative endeavor could bring in a sizeable number of newsletter subscribers who will then in turn find the internet business links.

Newsletter authors looking for creative internet marketing solutions can also provide information no one else provides. For instance, if an internet business involves toys, internet business owners should consider authoring a newsletter with valuable information for parents. Offer newsletter subscriptions for particular age groups that assist parents with difficult questions and matters of parenting. Newsletter authors should make their information more interesting and more valuable than any other information on the internet. This creative marketing endeavor could pay off considerably.

Creative internet marketing can also be obtained through internet contests. There are scores of people who enter internet contests, and if internet business owners offer internet contests they could bring a sizeable amount of traffic to their business websites. It isn’t necessary to offer an expensive prize that will break the bank. Internet businesses can offer low-cost prizes that best represent their internet businesses. For instance, if an internet business owner operates an internet fishing store, they should consider giving away a fishing lure or two. Creative internet marketing through internet contests can bring in tons of traffic, even with the smallest of prizes. A five or ten-dollar prize could bring in hundreds or even thousands of potential customers.

After deciding on creative marketing through an internet contest, the internet contest must be marketed as well. Contest marketing is extremely easy. Internet business owners can post messages on every contest message board they can find. Within minutes of posting, eager contest entrants begin visiting websites and submitting their entries. Contests are one of the most creative and clever ways of internet marketing. The price of a small prize could bring more traffic than internet businesses could ever imagine.

The Future Of SEO In The Upcoming Years

SEO as a whole changed a lot since when it began almost 15 years ago. With many new tools and techniques and with a whole new indexing process, SEO is probably the biggest focus within the Digital Marketing field. Let’s analyse what the future has in store for this obscure art.

More Technical-Related Stuff

When it comes to SEO, Google admitted the fact that they want to push backend optimisation in terms of coding and speed. This is due to the fact that, since its recent updates, Google’s algorithm heavily relies on understanding how a site performs in terms of UX: Bounce Rate and User Flow are in fact two of the main factors that every SEO specialist should take into consideration.
Another important Tech-related aspect would be related to Structured Data, given the fact that Google Crawlers are relying more and more on a simple “code reading” process, which led to the usage of many different Schema Markups.

Tailored Link Building

Although many are saying that Link Building as a whole is a dead practice to do when it comes to general SEO, it still heavily boosts a site’s traffic, especially if done properly. Of course, the ranking factors that were telling which one was a “good link” have drastically changed, moving from domain authority to page rank to nowadays’ trust flow. In 2019, we can safely say that the better-chosen links will definitely succeed in boosting a site’s authority and overall rankings.

Relevant Sources

It’s not hard to understand how Google combines different sources of traffic when it comes to brand mentions: having multiple social media channels which are linked is, in fact, one of the main reasons why Google decides to rank a website instead of another one when it comes to a specific keyword. The overall brand mention process is related to creating a Knowledge Panel, which comes up every time a user types in the search bar the company or brand’s name.

To Conclude

SEO is changing faster than ever. Combining multiple technologies at once and relying more and more on an algorithmic optimisation instead of just focusing on content. User experience will definitely be the main focus, especially on mobile (as many iOS app development and Android app development companies are saying), given the fact that Google recently started to index the whole mobile world as a separate matter.

The Difference Between Satellite Internet and DSL

What is Satellite Internet? Getting high speed internet through satellite is called as satellite internet. Satellite internet is much faster than DSL or cable internet. Satellite internet can be accessed even in remote corners of the country. They are easy to install and operate. The internet speed is higher than DSL or cable internet. Satellite internet is also called as lightning fast internet connection. You can download heavy files in quick time and even listen to online radio uninterrupted. The internet speed is constant and does not fluctuate.

What is DSL? The full form of DSL is Digital Subscriber Line. DSL internet is faster than cable internet. It is a broadband internet connection and files can be uploaded and downloaded quickly. The most important point is that you do not require any new cabling to be connected to DSL internet. You can simultaneously connect through the phone lines for accessing internet and receive and make calls too. DSL internet is much more faster than dialup internet. While you opt for a DSL internet connection, you get a DSL modem for connecting to the internet.

The differences between Satellite Internet and DSL:

· You can stay connected to the internet always with the help of satellite internet. The satellite internet service provides two way internet access, which provides internet speed without fluctuations in bandwidth. While in DSL internet, the internet speed is not constant.

· Satellite internet does not require huge cabling or telephone connection to access the internet. The speed of the internet is also constant as satellite internet uses two way high speed internet. In DSL internet the internet speed depends on the telephone wires and in case there is some cabling fault then your DSL internet would come to a stand still. The better the quality of your telephone cable the better your internet speed.

· Satellite internet service can be accessed anywhere and at any time. You can use satellite internet even in remote places. DSL internet can be accessed where there are telephone lines.

· The downloading speeds of audio and video files are smooth while in DSL internet the files take a lot of time to download.

· If you stay in a city or a rural area the speed of the satellite internet would be the same while with DSL internet the speed would be high if you are near the main office of the DSL service provider. The farther you are located from the main office of the DSL service provider the lower the internet speed.

The best Internet solution: With technology improving day by day, the demand for internet with faster bandwidth and downloading speeds has increased and this in turn has led to satellite internet. With satellite internet there are no cables and no hassles for internet connection and installation. Satellite internet connection is more reliable than a DSL or dial up internet connection. If you feel that there is a need for changing your internet connection, then opting for a satellite internet connection would be the ideal solution.

Starting An Internet Home Business On A Budget

Research A Niche Market For Your Internet Home Business

Before you rush into anything and waste a lot of unnecessary time and money setting up your Internet home business you will need to decide what niche market you want to establish yourself in.

Ebooks and affiliate marketing are inexpensive options where you do not need to have your own product and you basically get a commission for selling someone else’s products.

A Clickbank mall is great resource with many thousands of products that you can earn as much as 75{fcd579cd2e237fb975ee0f18fa5c4be54e8ee4b9cd6473955b380522caa39873} commission for selling. Most of the resources are available to you online for free or for a minimal cost and lots of Internet home businesses that start on a budget can be up and running for practically nothing.

Do some research and find out what are the most popular things people are searching for online and you are sure to find a gap in a market that you can set up your Internet home business in rather than setting up a business that nobody wants to deal with … this has been the undoing of many would-be Internet home businesses.

Learn Some Basic HTML

Adopting a DIY approach to designing your website will save you money and also give you a sense of pride and accomplishment at the end results. But to be able to customise your Internet home business website you should at least learn the basics of HTML if you don’t want to spend money on an ecommerce package for building your site.

Alternatively, if you don’t feel confident enough to do it yourself and you decide to purchase some software then make sure that you get a product that includes a site builder.

There are also lots of web site templates available online and you should be able to adapt these to your Internet home business web site easily.

Choose The Right Keywords For Your Niche

Keyword research is another important factor that can be overlooked by newcomers to the Internet home business scene and this is probably the next most important aspect you need to decide on.

There are a couple of very useful keyword research tools available to you and Overture from Yahoo is actually my favourite, which is probably why you should start there.

Because you are starting your website on a budget you should choose a keyword domain name that is relevant to your Internet home business and ties in with the niche keywords that you also choose. Associating keywords with your niche and domain name is a very effective way of driving traffic to your site when someone does a search on the Internet with these keywords.

Domain Registration And Hosting

The next most important decision you will have to make for your Internet home business is choosing a domain registration and hosting service.

You will need to search online with Google, Yahoo, or some of the other search engines and Internet Directories using the above heading, and there are plenty of cheap options available to you. Some will only cost a few dollars a month to host and a relatively cheap annual fee to make the domain name your own for however long you want it.

Depending on the website extension you choose, such as .com, prices will vary and availability of your chosen name will be limited in the really popular ones like .com., but there are plenty of alternatives and you should be able to get the name of your choice with a bit of trial and error. You could try .biz, .net, or the newer .ws from Global Domains International. [.ws stands for “website”], which is quite appropriate, and at this early stage in GDIs development you stand a really good chance of getting the domain name of your choice for your Internet home business.

Use Search Engines And Internet Directories

There are many free resources for setting up your own website for an Internet home business and you can have a website up and running within minutes with the help of the intuitive guidance given by most of these sites.

Check out Google, Yahoo, or many of the other Search Engines and Internet Directories for terms such as “free website setup” or something similar and you will be presented with a list of sites that provide free websites that you can search through.

Most, if not all of these sites also allow you to set up a number of email addresses for your Internet home business … make sure you choose a name that is relevant to whatever niche you choose for your Internet home business, as this can have direct and positive benefits when someone does a search online with keywords relevant to your site.

If you don’t want to set up your unique email addresses straight away, then make sure that you set up a free email account specifically for the business so you can keep your Internet home business mail separate from your personal mail.

A Memorable Brand For Your Internet Home Business

Develop a logo for easy recognition and so your business has something that people will remember it by. This can be done for free also if you are not the artistic type and can’t design your own logo, by using the many freeware and shareware resources available online.
Just search for “free shareware logos” or something similar and you can select a free logo that you could easily tweak to make it unique with software built into your operating system.

Make sure that the logo is relevant to your website and try to choose something that will stick in people’s minds so they will remember it easily and associate your Internet home business with it whenever they see it.

Publish An Ezine Or Newsletter

You could publish an eZine or newsletter with helpful tips and advice that you can send by email regularly to your future subscribers as a way of collecting email addresses and developing an opt-in list. “The money is in the list” is a term that is used frequently on the Internet home business scene, and there really has never been a truer phrase spoken.

Publishing an ezine or newsletter may sound technical and complicated but once you start doing it you will soon see that it is just a simple matter of copying and pasting information from one source to another.

There are also lots of Free Content sites online that will allow you to republish their articles as long as you also publish their by-lines and links, and credit the articles to the authors. These sites are essential for getting regular material if you do not want to spend the time creating articles yourself.

Alternatively, if you want to claim the credit for articles, you can subscribe to an article directory site relatively cheaply and obtain around thirty articles per month that you can tweak and make your own. These articles are not copyrighted and you can basically do what you like with them.

You could edit these articles and add your Internet home business website link at the bottom of them, and then submit them to article sites as a way of generating free advertising and driving traffic to your Internet home business site. These articles could remain in circulation indefinitely and still be advertising for you and getting targeted traffic for you for years to come.

Develop An Opt-In Email List

Another vital factor for an Internet home business is often overlooked by newcomers to online marketing and is probably one of the most important ways of developing your Internet home business.

Research has shown that people need to be exposed to a product an average of seven times before they choose to make a purchase, so you need to keep in constant contact with visitors to your site.

Build an opt-in email list by offering a free ebook or something similarly inexpensive to visitors to your site if they subscribe to your ezine or newsletter. Make sure to add a signup form for your publication on each page of you Internet home business website.

You could also add an exit pop up with your ezine/newsletter sign up form, so when visitors are leaving your site you can still plug your publication. The objective would be to develop a relationship with your list and establish yourself as a credible source of useful information and advice, as well as issuing the odd freebie along the line.

There are lots of free ebook resources with reseller rights available to you online and offering freebies with reseller rights to your email list is another great way of marketing your Internet home business and keep visitors coming back for more.

Make sure that you keep records with the opt-in details of everyone that subscribes so you can’t be accused of spamming at a later date if someone becomes forgetful and doesn’t remember joining your list.

Always supply an unsubscribe link at the bottom of every correspondence you send to your list, giving everyone the chance to opt-out whenever they want to with relative ease.

It is imperative to contact people on your list regularly to build trust and confidence with them, and do not slacken off with the eZine or newsletter or you run the risk of losing the valuable contacts that you have developed.

You could use a free autoresponder service to automate the smooth delivery of your publications to your list … again, search online with the term “free autoresponders”.

Once you start getting busy with your Internet Home Business I would recommend that you splash out some money for a paid autoresponder where you will have more features and benefits associated with it. You can get a pretty good autoresponder for less than twenty dollars a month and you will also have the benefits of having unlimited campaigns available to you for email marketing.

This article may be reprinted as long as the by-line, author’s details, and all links in it are included.

An unbiased review about the Leo Privacy Guard

Many users of mobiles nowadays are conscious about their privacy comprehensively. This is because they do everything through their mobile gadget on hand. They manage their business, transform money, pay bills, learn online, watch movies, access Internet and do other works by using their favourite mobile phone. They understand that they need to protect their mobile further. They can pay attention to Leo Privacy Applock and get a general idea about how users of this tool are happy now.

This application management tool is the most recommended option for those who have geared up to manage apps in their mobile. Individuals who have preferred this tool nowadays get the most expected support for managing applications. They are satisfied with a hassle-free approach to enhance their own privacy. This tool is very helpful to its users to lock apps, videos, photos and other documents for their own privacy.

This tool has the most excellent features to make users happy every time. If you have so many useless apps on your mobile then you can use this tool directly. This is because this tool uninstalls all apps. Almost every user of this tool maintains the most important things as safe as possible. This tool has the most exceptional stuff to backup all essential elements.

You may be bored with the usual lock screen theme on your mobile. If you use this tool then you can get rid of this boredom directly. This user-friendly tool prepares more than a few themes for the lock screen. You will be pleased when you play a little cricket game, candy crashing, fruit smashing or any other game. Every Review Leo Privacy Guard supports you to know about this tool comprehensively. An easy way to use this outstanding tool is very useful to those who have decided to enhance their way to use the mobile gadget day after day.

How to Get Cheap Internet Service

Ever want to have an internet connection but couldn’t afford it?

Did you ever encounter companies offering cheap internet services but has doubtful quality of service?

It is possible to get cheap internet service providers that offer quality services. All you have to do is look for it.

Try searching the internet, here you can find many internet service providers that can offer affordable rates with great quality. If you live in a large city, chances are, there will be so many internet service providers that compete with each other.

These internet service providers will offer great deals with quality services in order to attract and keep customers.

They can offer a wide variety of internet packages with incentives for their customers. With competition, you can be sure that they will try to attract as much customers as they can with low prices with rewards and bonuses included.

If you live in a small community, there will usually be one or two internet service providers. These providers usually charge higher rates because of lack of competition. You can find internet service providers online that can offer cheap internet services in many areas.

You just have to find out if these companies can reach your area. They can offer you WiFi or wireless internet connection, which requires just a computer and an antenna or internet satellite dish. WiFi internet connection can be relatively cheap.

You can also have cheap internet connection by using a dial up. Because of advancement in internet technology, dial ups are now very cheap and in some countries, free.

However, dial up internet connections are not fast, this type of connection is only suitable if you are just going to use the email or surf the web. If you are more into downloading large files, dial up will not work for you.

Research your local library about cheap internet connections and cheap internet providers that offers services in your area and can offer you some pre-requisites.

You can also find cheap high-speed internet services by researching in the internet, your search results may come up with cable, DSL, and mobile internet services. In these three, the most expensive is cable, and DSL will require a telephone line.

Researching in the internet also enables you to compare different companies and different kinds of internet packages. It is up to you to choose which of these are the cheapest and that meets your needs.

High-speed internet service are becoming more popular and because of this the price becomes cheaper and cheaper. Installation fees can be a bit expensive, but monthly fees can get closer to the price of the dial up. Some high-speed internet service provider’s offers free installation to attract more customers.

Keep in mind that the price of the internet depends on how you use the technology. If you use internet for just emailing, it is probably not practical to get a high-speed internet connection.

Instead, go for the dial up internet, it may not be fast, but can produce enough speed for email purposes. If you use the internet for downloading large files, then high-speed internet is for you.

Basically, this means that determining the price of the internet does not really depend on the numbers you see on a sales quote but it is really about getting your money’s worth.

The Top Secret behind a Chicken Curry Recipe

Every mother wants to make a chicken curry recipe and make it the best. What is the best chicken curry recipe? It is, in fact, a really hard question because the chicken curry is so various and different in different places. A chicken curry usually consists of 3 main ingredients; they are spicing, a mixture of ginger, onion, and garlic, as well as something more. All of those three, the most important is the generosity of spices. Unfortunately, such spices are not the only important for the best chicken curry recipe. Instead, you still need to know more about a few basic principles in cooking a chicken curry.

There are at least three principles in making a chicken curry recipe and cooking it. First, (once again), be generous with your chicken curry spices. The spices give flavor and texture to the chicken curry. Most markets sell chicken curry spices in small packages. You better obtain the spices from Asian markets where you will be allowed to get bigger packed spices. Second, you must determine the cooking method for your garlic, onion, and ginger. Some traditions such as Indians eschew the curry o account of the pungency. In the traditions, the curry may not undergo coloring for a lighter-colored curry, or they often cook the curry longer and caramelize for something darker and richer.

Third, you must give the body to the chicken curry. To do it, you can usually just be fine with adding chilies, pureed peppers, and tomatoes, coconut milk, cream, yoghurt, spinach, pureed or finely diced onion. Those are the three main principles of every version of chicken curry you must know. If you have mastered the principles, you can start improvise your chicken curry and make the best chicken curry of your own.

How To Access Cheap DSL Internet Service

Advantages of taking the time to find a cheap internet access may prove worthy over time as you save with the low monthly bill. Try searching for information about the company online when you have accessed your internet services; you should be able to information that they will not tell you. You might be realistic about what it cost to get the best internet service; accessing cheap internet services is not always the best decision. All you need to know about the internet and finding a cheap way to access it is your local telephone book and a few names of reputable companies.

You may have no problem with finding an internet company that gives you the opportunity to access cheap web services. With internet access you will be able to explore many stores and obtain much information about the world without ever leaving your home. Since the invention of web accelerators and other software to speed up internet connections, cheap dialup access is plainly a lot better. Dsl and cable internet connection speeds may sometimes depend on what package you buy, making them cheap access in some cases. With the absolute fastest connection your phone line can support; most dial-up internet services will allow you to access cheap internet service at an inexpensive fee.

Dsl and other broadband internet service providers are becoming as competitive as the cheap internet access providers. A monthly fee is considered the standard payment agreement for cheap access to the internet, preferably without a guarantee agreement as well. A dialup internet access is usually provided by most isp’s’ as an alternate form of connection if the broadband line goes down. You might be able to call your local internet provider to find if you are able to access cheap internet services from their company. When computers become in complete control over our nation; people will probably want to be able to access cheap internet services. Ask for a competitive price on your internet service; isp’s’ have to work harder to keep their people from other cheaper services.

Advantages of today’s market for cheap internet access starts with the fact that there are so many different options to choose in service providers. Whenever the united states becoming a very computerized nation; you may able to access cheap internet services with just about any internet provider. Your new provider may be able to set you up with cheap internet access; you should check their internet prices before becoming a monthly customer. With the flat pricing of internet services; a person should be able to find a company who allows them to access inexpensive internet services.

CMMS System in Safeguarding the Stability of Your Business

If you look at the benefits they provide, CMMS system is also able to serve in terms of business development, job management, inventory, scheduling, asset, and much more. Keep stock in the warehouse is also very important, it will maintain the stability of your business in the eyes of consumers, do not ignore warehousing, and distribution of the appropriate schedule. Hopefully this information is useful for you all.

Have a business and are developing the business, of course, requires you to be able to properly analyze any opportunities or are currently running on your efforts are. This is certainly a valuable asset should you keep it more stable. CMMS often experience challenges, an employee database inventory and maintenance, organization, and so on. EAM will maximize uptime program that you want and can reduce downtime disrupt your business. Currently, production downtime, it will be difficult for business owners. CMMS must be able to support a vision and mission of an organization or a company. Predictive Service will provide many benefits for your business, let us see some of the benefits until you finish reading this article.

The most obvious benefit is that you will get increase productivity at your company, where productivity is expected by every business owner. Maintain and improve the performance and availability of equipment is crucial, so that they will provide this important benefit. Other benefits are to maintain and improve the life cycle of equipment you have and be able to reduce the cost. Make all the better, especially in terms of ability and decide which is more stable and stays that will be very useful for you. you are satisfied with the benefit of all? You should not be satisfied first, it turns out there’s more no less important, that you will be able to save staff, which means more cost efficiency.

Web Hosting and Emerging Internet Law

With Internet-based intellectual property lawsuits on the rise, the question has become: how will Internet law keep up with the freedom of speech issues – and, to what degree will these laws affect the web hosting industry as a whole? The ramifications of some recent Internet litigation, and its impact on the web hosting industry are presented and examined below.

Patent Litigation

Recently, a Canadian firm has claimed infringement upon a patent it owns, with regard to Resource Description Framework (RDF), a software based upon Extensible Markup Language (XML). Using this technology, programmers can write software to access web resources, such as web page content, music files and digital photos. Vancouver-based UFIL Unified Data Technologies, holds U.S. patent 5,684,985, a ”’method and apparatus utilizing bond identifiers executed upon accessing of an endo-dynamic information node,” awarded in November 1997. According to the Patent Enforcement and Royalties Ltd. (PEARL)’s web site, as many as 45 companies may be infringing upon the patents. It is believed that the patent may also infringe on the RDF Site Summary standard (web content that’s written in something other than HTML). For example, RSS (originally developed by Netscape Communications, now owned by AOL Time Warner), allows web sites to exchange information and content.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which evaluates and recommends standards for web technologies, has endorsed the RDF standard. PEARL has been engaged to work with UFIL, to enforce the claims, since 1999. According to information released by the W3C, Daniel Weitzner, Technology and Society Domain Leader, indicated that the Consortium had not been approached directly regarding the patent issue. Mr. Weitzner stated, ”We consider it to be quite important that fundamental technology specifications such as RDF should be able to be implemented on a royalty-free basis. If anything comes to our attention that suggests that’s not possible, we’ll pay attention to legitimate property rights out there, but at the same time, RDF was developed in the open by a very broad range of the web community.”Freedom of Speech Issues

An amicus brief was recently filed by Yahoo!, Inc., in its lawsuit against LaLigue contre le Racisme et l’ Antisemitisme, Case No. 01-17424 (9th Cir.). Later this year, a federal appellate court will decide whether or not French anti-discrimination law can restrict freedom of speech on U.S.-based web sites that are accessible in France.

In 2000, a Paris court ruled that the Yahoo! web site violated French law, due to the fact that its users offered certain Nazi artifacts for sale. In order to force compliance with the order, French plaintiffs must seek enforcement from a U.S. court. In response, Yahoo! sought a declaratory ruling and a federal district court held that enforcing the French order would violate the First Amendment. The matter is now on appeal. The Yahoo! case presents the question of whether the Internet should be governed by myriad local censorship laws from around the world. U.S. courts have held uniformly that the Internet should receive the highest degree of First Amendment protection. Web.com’s Patent and Intellectual Property with Web Hosting Company, Hostopia

In July, 2006, Atlanta-based web hosting, managed email, ecommerce, and online business applications giant, Web.com,
entered into a non-exclusive license agreement with web hosting firm, Hostopia.com Inc., granting Hostopia the rights to two of Web.com’s patents over five years, on a non-transferable basis. Web.com’s portfolio of 19 registered, and numerous pending, U.S. patents relates to several core technologies that are vital to the web hosting industry.
The licensed patents broadly cover methods for website building and web hosting control panels. According to the agreement, Hostopia will pay Web.com a royalty equal to 10{fcd579cd2e237fb975ee0f18fa5c4be54e8ee4b9cd6473955b380522caa39873} of their gross U.S. retail revenues for five years. In addition, the companies have entered a cross-license agreement in which Web.com was granted rights to thousands of HTML and FLASH website templates and a license to additional intellectual property in the future at no additional cost. The companies have also agreed to a mutual covenant not to sue for patent infringement.
Spokespersons for Web.com had this to say, concerning the licensing agreement with Hostopia:
”Web.com has a portfolio of 19 registered patents with several additional pending patents. Web.com’s patents touch on a number of key technologies that are vital to the web hosting and Software-as-a-Services industries. Web.com’s first patent license transaction was a milestone for the Company as it validated Web.com’s belief in the value of its patents. Hostopia paid Web.com an amount that was roughly equal to 10{fcd579cd2e237fb975ee0f18fa5c4be54e8ee4b9cd6473955b380522caa39873} of Hostopia’s U.S. retail revenues over five years. Web.com intends to use its patent rights as a means of extending its brand and its technology so as to create value for its shareholders and to protect its innovations.”
With regard to the legalities of Internet content, Web.com’s representative stated: ”Copyright Website owners and other authors (like bloggers, for example) own the content they create under general principles of copyright law. Copyright law grants the author of any “work” the exclusive right to copy and reproduce that work. Copyright law extends not only to the written word, but also to music, dramatic works (like plays and moves), art, sculpture any other forms of creative expression that are fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Conflicts easily arise on the web because web technology makes it so easy for web users to copy and download content, including music, video, pictures and text. While the author of an article may not object to a web user who links to a copy written article, the author will object if someone copies his article and re-publishes it as if it were a new article. Generally, web hosts are not responsible if one of their clients violates a copyright holder’s rights by illegally copying content onto the client’s website. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act creates a “safe harbor” from liability for web hosts that follow a specific process in responding to notices from copyright holders alleging copyright infringement from content on a client’s website. Among other requirements, the web host must suspend a client’s website after the host receives a formal notice that meets the statutory requirement. The host may resurrect the client’s site, however, if the client responds with a sworn statement denying any infringement so long as the client’s denial also satisfies the statute. So long as the host follows the specific requirements of the statute, the host is not liable even if a court ultimately determines that its client was violating another party’s copyright.”
As to content – trademark conflicts, Web.com’s spokesperson went on to reiterate: ”Involvement trademark disputes are more difficult for hosts to manage, however. Unlike copyright law — which protects the author of an original work — trademark law protects the brand name of a seller of goods or services. A potential copyright infringement is often easy to see if the infringing site blatantly copies words or images that are protected by copyright. Trademark infringement is trickier to spot, however, as a trademark right in most cases will only extend to the “scope of use” covered by the holder’s goods or services. For example if Company A sells “BrandName” widgets, it may have trademark rights to “BrandName”. But, Company A’s rights, in most cases, will not prevent Company B from using BrandName to sell goods or services that are different from those sold by Company A. The challenge for web hosts arises when a client website advertises BrandName goods or services but a third party claims trademark rights to “BrandName”. How can the host know if the third party’s rights are superior? How can the host tell if the client’s products are within the third party’s “scope of use.”

To avoid liability for participating in a client’s possible trademark infringement, savvy web hosts will develop processes to follow to respond to allegations of trademark infringement and to ensure that clients resolve those claims. Among other things, a savvy web host will make sure that its client agreement obligates the client to resolve those claims and indemnify the web host for any liability it might have for the client’s failure to do so.”
Web.com’s representative concluded, commenting on the issue of publication liability, stating that ”Another type of potential content problem for web hosts involves liability for defamation. Defamation is a cause of action (or potential lawsuit) that arises when a party publishes a false statement, knowing that it is false, and that publication injures another person. For example, if a client posted on its website the statement: “Company X’s products cause cancer” and if the client knew that statement were false, the client could be liable for defamation to Company X. If the client honestly believed the statement to be true, however, the client would generally not be liable. Defamation liability would make the web hosting industry impossible if it weren’t for the Communications Decency Act passed by Congress in the late 1990s. Under the Communications Decency Act (or “CDA”), web hosts and other “Internet service providers” are not liable for the publications (or statements) of their clients so long as they are not contributors to those statements.”

IBM v. Amazon.com
Amazon.com is involved in patent litigation with IBM, in two separate lawsuits. Five patents are alleged to have been violated, as far as the 1980s, all regarding cataloging and data referencing, including alteration of online content. It has been reported in press releases issued by IBM, that ongoing negotiations since 2002 have failed, that hundreds of other companies have licensed the same patents, and that IBM has attempted to negotiate licensing deals with Amazon. Since Amazon.com is largely based upon web technologies and the ability to quickly process transactions over the Internet, it would seem that if it were a mere matter of licensing, they wouldn’t have any problem. It may be that they feel IBM’s patents are too broad, and cover technologies they developed themselves in-house.

Net Neutrality
One of the most important freedom of speech aspect of the Internet, is that no one party owns or controls it. However, as telephone and digital companies continue to grow through mergers and acquisitions, Internet and related laws, and the concepts and issues that govern it, have come to the forefront, as a new and legitimate concern for all netizens.
Issues such as network (”net”) neutrality, have become contested areas of law in the United States. Internet giants, such as Google, eBay, and Amazon, fear that network owners will create a biased, two-tier Internet system, unfairly placing telco services first, in addition to the concern that network owners may seek to entirely censor or block content at their own discretion, creating partiality. The terms of the debate place neutralists (such as the Internet’s largest content providers), against free-marketeers (including Telcos) who argue against such regulation, deeming it to be counter-productive and even unconstitutional.

The fact remains, that exercising the rights associated with free speech and the Internet, places a high premium on the judgment and responsibility of those who use the it, both in the information they acquire and in the information they disseminate. In order for web hosting companies to survive, it is essential that consumers realize and understand, that when they obtain information through the Internet, web hosting companies cannot monitor, verify, warrant, or vouch for the accuracy and quality of the information that is available.
Therefore, some material posted to the Internet may be subject to patent and/or copyright infringement, deemed inappropriate for certain ages, or otherwise offensive. Because web hosting companies are not in a position to monitor or censor the Internet, they cannot accept any responsibility for the consequences that may result from potentially infringing, inaccurate, offensive, inappropriate, or otherwise illegal Internet communications.
While each user is expected to exercise common sense and good judgment in connection with the services it utilizes on the Internet, web hosting companies do have terms of service rules in place, to govern such things as spamming, and maintaining open SMTP relays. It is ultimately up to the users to exercise the best judgment possible, in relying on information obtained from the Internet. When users and/or consumers disseminate information through the Internet, they also must keep in mind that web hosting companies do not review, edit, censor, or take responsibility for any information its users, clients or subscribers may create. The very same liability as other authors for copyright infringement, defamation, and other harmful speech, apply to users on the Internet.
The outcome of recent Internet patent litigation will most certainly begin to set precedents

In many of the cases, the judge and/or jury is asked to make determinations as to deep issues of technological equivalence as to fast-advancing technology at a particular point in time, which can greatly affect how we continue to do business on the Internet, and the future laws that may result of such litigation.
Many patents, have implications far beyond the alleged infringement specified. A patent found valid by a jury acquires more than the normal status of ”presumption of validity,” in that it may be used against other parties. All future parties, whether or not they are a party to the lawsuit, are affected. Therefore, patent validity lawsuits have the power to impact much more than just the two parties involved, unlike other business litigation.

Given the fact that Internet law, as a whole, is still largely in unchartered territory, the question of what positive role government can play in a regulatory regime, remains to be seen. Coupled with the fear that new technology laws may allow governments or big business to oppress society, giving them the wherewithal to block freedom of speech rights, such as viewing published materials and other forms of censorship, the spectrum of views on Internet regulation can appear to be endless. The only thing we know for certain, is that the Internet is here to stay. As such, the core issues surrounding the essence and vastness of the Internet, such as of freedom of speech, net neutrality, patent and content infringement, will continue to be at the forefront. How Congress rules on the bills addressing net neutrality, the Communications, Consumer’s Choice, and Broadband Deployment Act in the Senate, and the Internet Freedom and Nondiscrimination Act in the House, will affect the way the public continues to utilize the Internet and ultimately, may determine the success or failure of online businesses and web hosting companies.